You’re Damned if You Do … Allow Your Employees to Engage in Horseplay (or Chicken Play)

Posted: March 29, 2011 in Disability Liability, Lawsuits, Overzealous Government Regulators, Sexual Harassment

It’s all fun and games until someone files a lawsuit. That’s surely what one Massachusetts employer thought. In that recent case, decided before the Department of Industrial Accidents, the employee reportedly asked her boss, Mr. Grillo, for health insurance. She alleges that he agreed to provide health insurance if the employee would agree to wear a chicken head costume. The chicken head in question was apparently part of a running joke in the office. The employee refused, and was allegedly given other absurd options, such as e-mailing all of her friends that Mr. Grillo is god, or to come to work with red lipstick and to kiss another employee’s bald head. The case is reported at the DIA as In Re: Cappello, (DIA) (Board Nos. 026109-07 and 022705-07) (March 23, 2011).
In this case, the DIA granted the employee worker’s compensation benefits for emotional injury suffered at work. The claim could even be doubled if the DIA determines that the employee committed serious and willful misconduct.
The employee’s psychiatrist concluded that Mr. Grillo’s alleged harassment was the predominant contributing cause of the employee’s adjustment disorder and her major depressive disorder.
Although this case was brought under worker’s compensation, it has serious implications for other employment laws. For example, asking a female employee to wear red lipstick could easily be construed to be sexual harassment. Additionally, the employee almost certainly, at some point, became protected under the Americans with Disabilities Act and its Massachusetts counterpart, G.L. c. 151B. The employer could have created exposure to itself under these and other theories by harassing the employee and failing to accommodate the employee.
It’s difficult to not allow employees to have a sense of humor. Everyone needs a good laugh now and then, even in the workplace. But employers cannot assume that all employees will appreciate being the butt of jokes. Some employees will be more sensitive than others. Employers better be aware of this and either cease all horseplay, or make certain that every employee involved is a willing participant. Will we see horseplay contracts? This is in reference to “love contracts” which some employers require employees to sign when they are dating one another. I doubt that we will, but you never know.

By Adam P. Whitney, 617.338.7000.

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